If you are considering the option of becoming a contractor, one of the possible routes is working via an umbrella company. How and why you’d consider an umbrella company is another topic we have already written about in one of our earlier articles.
This blog provides the truth on the most common misconceptions you can find circulating on the internet, or you hear colleagues talk about.
1. Umbrella companies are only about because of the IR35 legislation reform.
This is not true. Umbrellas have been around since the early 2000s offering a reliable income for contractors with multiple and short-term contracts.
Sure, the reform of the IR35 legislation helped increase the popularity of the umbrella and gave rise to several non-compliant firms. These firms, aiming to capitalise on the large number of contractors having to work via an umbrella company, helped umbrella companies to be given a negative connotation.
2. Umbrella employment is a scam.
Although efforts are being made, the contractor services industry is largely unregulated, so bad elements appearing within are unfortunately quite common. Until the Government sorts out a way to regulate umbrella companies, it is up to the contractors to be vigilant and careful who they sign up with.
We’ve written an article on what to look out for when shopping around, which you can read here. Our top tip is to look for accreditations from the Freelancer and Contractor Services Association (FCSA) or The Association of Professional Staffing Companies (APSCo). Professional organisations thoroughly vet their members and ensure that they are compliant.
3. Umbrella companies are only after your money.
A compliant umbrella company operates under the same rules as any UK employer. The taxes and National Insurance they deduct are set out by HMRC.
Umbrella companies make money by charging you a “margin”, which should be clearly stated on your payslip. Look at this article to learn about how much tax and NI you pay as an umbrella employee.
4. You get to keep 90% of your pay.
Offering an unrealistic rate of pay is a common tactic by non-compliant companies to lure contractors in. As mentioned above, umbrella companies operate per the PAYE (Pay as You Earn) system, so the difference between their promised take-home pay is only the tiny difference in their margin deductions.
5. Umbrella Companies deduct extra National Insurance.
Like any employment, you can expect to see income tax and Employee National Insurance deducted on your umbrella payslip.
If you are a basic rate taxpayer (total earnings below £50,270 per annum), you’ll pay 20% tax and 13.25% National Insurance on your earnings over the annual personal tax allowance (£12,570). In the higher rate and additional rate tax bands, tax deductions increase to 40 and 45%.
It is important to note that the Employer’s National Insurance will also be deducted from your gross pay. This is unique to umbrella companies as their fee does not cover the cost. On the flip side, this allows them to minimise their processing fees.
Deductions are shown on the payslip. Click here for a handy guide that explains what’s on a SmartWork payslip.
6. Umbrella employment is not self-employment.
This is correct. When you start with an umbrella company, you become one of its employees. The umbrella company helps consolidate your income into monthly or weekly pay and takes over the hassle that usually comes with self-employment. Not to mention IR35, which you don’t have to worry about as an employee.
You may still need to prepare a self-assessment return, though. To find out whether you have to, visit this article that explains it in detail.
7. Umbrella workers are exempt from IR35.
Yes, indeed, this is true. IR35 is all about limited company contractors (personal service companies) that operate as employees, while in reality, they are not, so they pay less tax.
Umbrella companies provide employment, so they are all essentially IR35 compliant, and their workers don’t have to worry about IR35.
To learn more about IR35, please visit our dedicated guide page on our website.
8. You can’t claim expenses as an umbrella worker.
This is incorrect, although it is understandable why some people are confused. In 2016 the Government put a stop to umbrella employees claiming expenses if they work under any supervision, direction or control as they see them as regular employees.
Your umbrella company will test your contract to see if SDC (Supervision, Direction, Control) applies and if not, you can claim some expenses immediately and some at the end of the tax year via a P87 form.
A fundamental rule is that the expenses you claim are incurred by you wholly, exclusively and necessarily in the performance of your duties of employment. Oh, and you need to keep your expenses receipts!
Claiming expenses can be a bit complicated, so we have a guide to explain the process in detail here.
9. You must join an auto-enrolment pension scheme when signing up with an umbrella company.
Like all UK employers, umbrella companies must enrol their employees on a workplace pension scheme. You can, however, opt out at a later date if you wish to. More details on auto-enrolment can be found in this article.
Often umbrella companies offer other ways to contribute to a pension, so don’t forget to ask before joining.
10. Umbrella companies don’t provide the same benefits as those permanently employed.
This statement is false. As an umbrella employee, you are entitled to the same statutory benefits as any other employee in the UK. This includes paid holiday, statutory maternity or paternity pay, sick pay and pension contributions.
Being an umbrella employee can give you the freedom of self-employment and choose between contracts (or even working multiple contracts simultaneously). All with the simplicity and security of employment benefits where your admin and tax deductions are taken care of.
We hope this article helped bust the myths circulating around umbrella companies. If you have any more or would like to get in touch for a non-obligatory and free consultation, please get in touch with us via the contact form on our website or by calling 0800 434 6446.